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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Antelope County

Antelope County Seat: Neligh

Cities, Towns, and Villages: Brunswick, Clearwater, Elgin, Neligh, Oakdale, Orchard, Royal, Tilden

Number of Registered Historic Places: 12

Courthouse Address and Hours:

501 Main Street
Neligh, Nebraska 68756
M-F 8:00am-4:30pm

County Board Chairperson: Charles Henery

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 1st and 2rd Tuesday Each Month

NACO District: Northeast

District President: Monica Rotherham, Madison County Clerk of the District Court 

District Vice President: Lisa Lunz, Dixon County Supervisor

District Secretary: Sandy Zoubek, Stanton County Treasurer

District Treasurer: Krista Nix, Knox County Deputy Clerk

NACO Board Representatives: Bill Tielke, Holt County Supervisor 

Source: National Register of Historic Places


Population: 6,279
Land area (sq. mi.): 563.27
Population per square mile: 55.4


White: 94.2%
African American: 0.5%
American Indian: 0.6%
Asian: 0.5%
Hispanic: 3.9%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%


0-17: 24.4%
18-64: 51.3%
65+: 24.4%


Personal income per capita: $74,129
% of population in poverty: 10.4%
# of housing units: 3,139
Owner-occupied rate: 75.7%
Median home price: $96,970


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable model): 54.4%

Source: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library CommissionU.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Unemployment rate: 1.6% (as of September 2022)

Number of early childhood care providers: 16

County-wide early childhood care capacity: 215

High school graduate or higher: 92.0%

Bachelor's degree or higher: 18.0%

County Employment Website:

Local Area Higher Education (within 75 miles of county seat): Northeast Community College-Norfolk (37), Northeast Community College-O'Neill (41), Nebraska Indian Community College-Santee (60), Wayne State College (60), Central Community College-Columbus (74)

School Districts: Creighton Community Public Schools, Elgin Public Schools, Elkhorn Valley Schools, Neligh-Oakdale Schools, Plainview Public Schools, Summerland Public Schools

Agricultural Cooperatives: Aurora Cooperative, CVA, Farmers Pride

Electricity Providers: City of Neligh, Elkhorn Rural PPD, Nebraska PPD, North Central PPD, WAPA

Rail-served Communities: Brunswick, Orchard, Royal

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $596,589,000

NOTE: For a list of child care providers in Antelope County, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Sources: Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsU.S. Census Bureau


County levy rate: $0.2779 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $6,839,593

Total local government property taxes levied: $29,017,249

Total taxable valuation: $2,460,901,512

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue, 2021 Certificate of Taxes Levied Reports,

Statutes and regulations:

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Agricultural land horticultural assessment): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Senator(s): Tim Gragert (District 40)
Committees: Agriculture, Business and Labor, Natural Resources, State-Tribal Relations, Statewide Tourism And Recreational Water Access and Resource Sustainability (LB406)

Map of Nebraska Legislative District 40

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Antelope County History

Year Founded: 1871

Etymology: Local pronghorn antelope

     According to local tradition, a posse was pursuing a party of livestock thieves in northeast Nebraska when they ran low on food and only survived by hunting the local pronghorn. Although these animals are not true antelopes, they are known as such throughout North America, especially on the plains. Later in 1871, when the State Legislature was drawing the fledging county’s boundaries and considering names, then-State Senator Leander Gerrard recalled the posse’s adventure and suggested Antelope County.

     Oakdale initially became the county’s temporary seat as a result of a delayed messenger. John Neligh had been exploring the Elkhorn River Valley when he decided to purchase over 500 acres of land and persuade county officials to select his site as the county’s seat. He dispatched a messenger to declare his intentions to Antelope County voters, but the messenger got lost and failed to arrive in time for election day. Oakdale triumphed in the election as Antelope Valley’s seat, but the victory was short-lived. During the construction of the new courthouse, a fire burned the building to the ground, and afterwards, a new election for county seat was held. Neligh, a more centrally located site with an extremely vocal advocate in its founder, was selected by residents as the new county seat.

     Among the hallmarks of early Antelope County were its fruit trees, including apple, plum, and cherry. The Neligh Mill was also a critical part of Antelope County, processing hundreds of thousands of bushels of wheat. Today, the mill is a popular tourist destination, as are the Ashfall Fossil Beds, home to well-preserved fossils of ancient hippos, rhinoceroses, horses, and camels.

Coming soon!

Time Zone: Central

License Plate Number: 26

Zoned County: Yes

Number of Veterans: 448

Voter Turnout (2022): 56.80%

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Northeast

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 132

State Lands (acres): Grove Lake WMA (1,984.86), Hackberry Creek WMA (233.79), Red Wing WMA (320)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)