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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Antelope County

Communities & Development

Antelope County Seat: Neligh

Total County Population (2020): 6,295

  • Cities (pop. & class): Elgin (718 • 2nd Class), Neligh (1,538 • 2nd Class), Tilden (Antelope Co. portion) (294 • 2nd Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Brunswick (153), Clearwater (319), Oakdale (279), Orchard (360), Royal (56)
  • Unincorporated Population (% of county pop.): 2,576 (41%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 88%
    • By method: Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (56%), Pasture (pure grassland) (19%), Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (13%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By commodity: Corn 39%, Soybeans 24%, Livestock (grassland) 21%, Alfalfa 3%, Popcorn 1% • USDA (NLCD) - equals agriculture's % plus some wetlands (3%) and some wooded grazing land (3%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 10%
  • Timber: 2%

County Offices

Courthouse Address and Hours:

501 Main Street
Neligh, Nebraska 68756
M-F 8:00 am - 4:30 pm

County Board Chairperson: Charles Henery

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 1st & 2nd Tuesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Northeast

President: Lisa Lunz, Dixon County Supervisor 

Vice President: Sandy Zoubek, Stanton County Treasurer

Secretary: Katie Hart, Burt County Assessor

Treasurer: Krista Nix, Knox County Deputy Clerk 

NACO Board Representative: Bill Tielke, Holt County Supervisor 

Click for a live look at Antelope County (northwest of Brunswick)


Population (2020): 6,295
Land area (sq. mi.): 857.16
Population per square mile: 7.3

Race & Age


White: 93.7%
African American: 0.3%
American Indian: 0.3%
Asian: 0.3%
Hispanic: 3.5%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
Two or More Races: 1.8%


0-17: 24.4%
18-64: 51.3%
65+: 24.4%


Personal income per capita: $74,129
% of population in poverty: 10.4%
# of housing units: 3,112
Owner-occupied rate: 74.5%
Median home price: $96,970


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable model): 54.4%

Antelope County Historical Populations

Antelope County 2020   2010   2000   1990   1980   1970   1960
Incorporated 3,719   3,905   4,095   4,171   4,570   4,445   4,528
Unincorporated 2,576   2,780   3,357   3,794   4,105   4,602   5,648
Total 6,295   6,685   7,452   7,965   8,675   9,047   10,176
Elgin (city) 717   661   735   731   807   917   881
Neligh (city) 1,536   1,599   1,651   1,742   1,893   1,764   1,776
Tilden (city) 297   324   335   233   293   262   288
Brunswick (village) 152   138   179   182   409   398   418
Clearwater (village) 320   419   384   401   190   229   254
Oakdale (village) 276   322   345   362   482   467   421
Orchard (village) 363   379   391   439   410   322   397
Royal (village) 58   63   75   81   86   86   93
Townships (also includes village populations)                  
Bazile township 174   175           189        
Blaine township 119   148           198        
Burnett township 150   175           225        
Cedar township 108   137           199        
Clearwater township 442   554           630        
Crawford township 102   116           217        
Custer township 84   78           154        
Eden township 84   121           164        
Elgin township 106   89           151        
Ellsworth township 261   249           348        
Elm township 81   82           103        
Frenchtown township 131   159           173        
Garfield township 499   498           653        
Grant township 57   67           141        
Lincoln township 87   84           126        
Logan township 833   811           1,064        
Neligh township 242   271           369        
Oakdale township 392   407           571        
Ord township 77   79           114        
Royal township 138   163           253        
Sherman township 112   103           119        
Stanton township 72   68           147        
Verdigris township 65   78           83        
Willow township 46   50           98        

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library CommissionU.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau (DP-1 Profile of General Demographic Characteristics)

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 1.6% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 92.0%

School Districts: Creighton Community Public Schools, Elgin Public Schools, Elkhorn Valley Schools, Neligh-Oakdale Schools, Plainview Public Schools, Summerland Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 18.0%

Community College Service Area: Northeast Community College

Countywide child care capacity: 16 providers; 215 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Antelope County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $596,589,000

Cattle Producers: 144 (26,500 cattle)

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $47/acre

Crop Producers: 335

  • Dryland Cash Rent (avg.): $136/acre

Dairy Producers: 7

Grain Co-Ops & Purchasers: Aurora Cooperative, Central Valley Ag, Farmers Pride, Niewohner Farms

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Antelope County

Farmers Markets: Neligh Farmers Market (June - October, Saturdays 8:30 - 11 a.m.)

Electricity Providers: City of Neligh, Elkhorn Rural PPD, Nebraska PPD, North Central PPD, WAPA

Wind Turbines Operating (MW): 307 turbines (675,860 MW total)

Rail-served Communities: Brunswick, Orchard, Royal

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 2,933

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 87

Click the section numbers in the grid below the map for annual groundwater levels.

Note: Geocodes in the map's squares are in the grid next to Township & Range (T&R).

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsU.S. Census Bureau


2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.3013 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $7,797,087

Total local government property taxes levied: $32,227,007

Total countywide taxable valuation: $2,588,086,578

Click here for all levy rates in Antelope County

Agricultural Land Valuation Market Areas

Commercial Land Valuation Groups

Residential Land Valuation Groups

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits listed in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Property tax statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits:

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Agricultural land horticultural assessment): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Barry DeKay (District 40)

Standing Committees (click for scheduled committee hearings): 

Special Committees: 

  • State-Tribal Relations (vice-chairperson)
  • Justice Reinvestment Oversight
  • Statewide Tourism and Recreation Water Access and Resource Sustainability

Map and statistics for Legislative District 40

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Antelope County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 12

Year Authorized: 1871

Year Organized: 1871

Etymology: Local pronghorn antelope

     In 1846, a colony of Mormons were among the first Europeans to pass through Antelope County. Twelve years later, when the area was first federally surveyed in 1858, the road which they had established on their way to Utah remained visible in the local soil. As can be seen at the links below, federally-contracted surveyors sketched the Mormon Road on their maps of what would become Bazile and Crawford townships.

     Then sometime in the years that followed, according to local tradition, a posse pursuing a party of livestock thieves in northeast Nebraska ran low on food and survived by hunting the local pronghorn (although these animals are not true antelopes, they are known as such throughout North America, especially on the plains). So in 1871, when the State Legislature was drawing the fledging county’s boundaries and considering names, then-State Senator Leander Gerrard recalled the posse’s adventure and suggested the name Antelope County.

     Oakdale initially became the county’s temporary seat as a result of a delayed messenger. John Neligh had been exploring the Elkhorn River Valley when he decided to purchase over 500 acres of land and persuade county officials to select his site as the county’s seat. He dispatched a messenger to declare his intentions to Antelope County voters, but the messenger got lost and failed to arrive in time for election day. Oakdale triumphed in the election as Antelope Valley’s seat, but the victory was short-lived. During the construction of the new courthouse, a fire burned the building to the ground, and afterwards, a new election for county seat was held. Neligh, a more centrally located site with an extremely vocal advocate in its founder, was selected by residents as the new county seat.

     Among the hallmarks of early Antelope County were its fruit trees, including apple, plum, and cherry. The Neligh Mill was also a critical part of Antelope County, processing hundreds of thousands of bushels of wheat. Today, the mill is a popular tourist destination, as are the Ashfall Fossil Beds, home to well-preserved fossils of ancient hippos, rhinoceroses, horses, and camels. Grove Lake is also a popular destination for fishing, holding the state record for bluegill (2 lb. 13 oz.).

Antelope County Historical Township & Range Maps

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Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 26

Time Zone: Central

Number of Veterans: 448

Zoned County: Yes

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 132

Election Data

General Election Turnout % (2022): 56.80%

Total Registered Voters (2020): 4,568

Number of Precincts (2020): 13

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): 8

Land Area per Polling Place (2020): 107.15 sq. miles

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Northeast

Natural Resource Districts: Upper Elkhorn NRD, Lower Elkhorn NRD

State Lands (acres): Grove Lake WMA (1,984.86), Hackberry Creek WMA (233.79), Red Wing WMA (320)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)