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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Dixon County

Communities & Development

Dixon County Seat: Ponca

Total County Population (2020): 5,606

  • Cities (pop. & class): Ponca (907 • 2nd Class), Wakefield (1,216 • 2nd Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Allen (355), Concord (126), Dixon (77), Emerson (396), Martinsburg (78), Maskell (58), Newcastle (272), Waterbury (72)
  • Unincorporated Pop. (% of county pop.): 2,049 (37%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 91%
    • By method: Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (65%); Pasture (pure grassland) (15%); Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (12%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By commodity: Corn 41%, Soybeans 36%, Livestock (grassland) 14%, Alfalfa 3%, Other Hay 1% • USDA - equals agriculture's % plus some wetlands (1%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 7%
  • Timber: 2%

County Offices

Courthouse Address and Hours:

302 3rd Street
Ponca, Nebraska 68770
M-F 8:00 am - 4:30 pm

County Board Chairperson: Lisa Lunz

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 2nd Tuesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Northeast

President: Lisa Lunz, Dixon County Supervisor 

Vice President: Sandy Zoubek, Stanton County Treasurer

Secretary: Katie Hart, Burt County Assessor

Treasurer: Krista Nix, Knox County Deputy Clerk 

NACO Board Representative: Bill Tielke, Holt County Supervisor 

Click for a live look at Dixon County (south of Ponca)


Population: 5,606
Land area (sq. mi.): 476.11
Population per square mile: 4.2



White: 82.8%
African American: 0.3%
American Indian: 0.3%
Asian: 0.3%
Hispanic: 14.2%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 1.9%


0-17: 25.2%
18-64: 53.4%
65+: 21.4%


Personal income per capita: $54,144
% of Population in Poverty: 7.9%
# of Housing Units: 2,520
Owner-occupied rate: 77.5%
Median home price: $119,150


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable modem): 84.5%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library Commission, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 1.6% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 89.9%

School Districts: Allen Consolidated Schools, Hartington Newcastle Public Schools, Emerson-Hubbard Public Schools, Laural-Concord-Coleridge School, Ponca Public Schools, Wakefield Public Schools, Wayne Community Schools, Wynot Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 20.7%

Community College Service Area: Northeast Community College

Countywide child care capacity: 4 providers; 102 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Dixon County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $318,920,000

Cattle Producers: 215

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $58/acre

Crop Producers: 83

  • Dryland Cash Rent (avg.): $235/acre
  • Irrigated Land Cash Rent (avg.): $303/acre

Dairy Producers: 1

Farmers Markets:

  • Dixon County Farmers Market (May to October, Every 2nd and 4th Friday (4-7 PM) & Saturday (9:00 PM - 1:00 PM)
  • The Wakefield Market (Monthly from May through Nov., days and times subject to change)

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: Central Valley Ag, Dixon Elevator Co.

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Dixon County

Electricity Providers: Cedar-Knox PPD, City of Emerson, City of Wakefield, Northeast Power

Wind Turbines Operating (MW): 101 turbines (318,150 MW total)

Rail-served Communities: Allen, Dixon, Waterbury

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 325

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 63

Click for real time:

Streamflow data on the Missouri River near Maskell

Streamflow data on Logan Creek at Wakefield

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.2394 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $3,535,491

Total local government property taxes levied: $20,680,848

Total countywide taxable valuation: $1,476,706,058

Click here for all levy rates in Dixon County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits listed in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits:

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Joni Albrecht (District 17)
Committees: Agriculture, Business and Labor, Government, Military and Veterans Affairs

Map and statistics for Legislative District 17

State Senator: Barry DeKay (District 40)
Committees: Agriculture, Business and Labor, Government, Military and Veterans Affairs

Map and statistics for Legislative District 40

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Dixon County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 6

Year Authorized: 1856

Year Organized: 1858

Etymology: Dixon family (early Nebraska settlers)

     Long before Lewis and Clark ventured into what would become Dixon County, the Omaha and Ponca Native American tribes inhabited the area, most prominently near the county seat which today bears the latter’s name. According to local accounts, the first European settlers in the area ignored signs declaring the area “Indian Territory” and began staking claims and erecting buildings. In fact, local tradition holds that the first settlers called the first settlement “Ponca” in defiance of the Native Americans who claimed the land as their tribal grounds. Following pressure and intimidation, the Omaha and Ponca tribes ceded their land by treaty to the U.S. Government in 1854. 

     Settlers soon flooded the area, culminating in the county’s founding in 1856. Trading posts and small towns quickly emerged as pioneers cultivated the fertile soil near the rivers and streams, which also attracted trappers and brought traders from the east. As with nearly every other Nebraska county, weather strongly influenced the expansion and development of Dixon County. There were several grasshopper invasions in the 1870’s, which decimated crops and spurred some settlers to move west in search of gold. Droughts and wildfires in subsequent years also affected settlement and population shifts.

     Nonetheless, Dixon County persevered and grew by several thousand residents in its earliest decades and now includes a total of 10 cities and towns. The name Dixon was taken from an early family of settlers, and Ponca, the county seat, reflects its first indigenous inhabitants. Ponca is also thought to be one of the oldest settlements in Nebraska, and its downtown district is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In contrast to its early days, several parts of the county are now heavily forested, particularly along the banks of the Missouri river. The county is also part of the Missouri National Recreational River which composes nearly 34,000 acres between Nebraska and South Dakota.

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Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 35

Time Zone: Central

Number of Veterans: 359

Zoned County: No

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 114

Number of County-Owned Dams: 2

Election Data

Voter Turnout (2022): 63.98%

Number of Registered Voters (2020): 3,804

Number of Precincts (2020): 12

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): All Voting by Mail

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Northeast

Natural Resource Districts: Upper Loup NRD

State Lands (acres): Buckskin Hills WMA (340), Elk Point Bend WMA (626.84), Haskell Ag Lab (480), Mulberry Bend WMA (6), Ponca State Park (2,123.63), Powder Creek WMA (467)

Federal Lands (acres): Mulberry Bend Overlook (31)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)