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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Box Butte County

Box Butte County Seat: Alliance

Cities, Towns, and Villages: Hemingford

Courthouse Address and Hours:

515 Box Butte Avenue
Alliance, Nebraska 69301
M-F 8:00 am - 4:00 pm

County Board Chairperson: Steve Burke

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 1st Wednesday & 3rd Monday

NACO District: Panhandle

District President: Charlie Knapper, Scotts Bluff County Commissioner

District Vice President: Monty Stoddard, Banner County Treasurer

District Secretary: Kelly Sides, Scotts Bluff County Clerk

District Treasurer: Beth Fiegenschuh, Cheyenne County Clerk

NACO Board Representative: Charlie Knapper, Scotts Bluff County Commissioner


Population: 10,604
Land area (sq. mi.): 1,075.36
Population per square mile: 10.1


White: 80.1%
African American: 1.0%
American Indian: 4.7%
Asian: 0.7%
Hispanic: 13.4%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%


0-17: 25.2%
18-64: 54.2%
65+: 20.6%


Personal income per capita: $55,642
% of population in poverty: 9.5%
# of housing units: 5,225
Owner-occupied rate: 71.2%
Median home price: $152,600


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable model): 94.1%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library CommissionU.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Unemployment rate: 2.0% (as of September 2022)

County-wide early childhood care capacity: 16 providers; 266 children

High school graduate or higher: 91.2%

Bachelor's degree or higher: 17.7%

County Employment Website:

School Districts: Alliance Public Schools, Bayard Public Schools, Bridgeport Public Schools, Hemingford Public Schools

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: Farmer's Co-op, West Plains, WESTCO

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Box Butte County

Electricity Providers: City of Alliance, Chimney Rock PPD, Nebraska PPD, Northwest Rural PPD, PREMA, Village of Hemingford

Rail-served Communities: Alliance, Berea, Hemingford, Prairie

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $610,594,000

NOTE: For a list of child care providers in Box Butte County, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Sources: Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsU.S. Census Bureau


County levy rate: $0.3643 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $5,529,664

Total local government property taxes levied: $25,894,970

Total taxable valuation: $1,517,735,099

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue2021 Certificate of Taxes Levied Reports

Statutes and regulations:

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

State Senator: Steve Erdman (District 47)
Committees: Agriculture, Business and Labor, Government, Military and Veterans Affairs

Map and statistics for Legislative District 47

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Box Butte County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 4

Year Founded: 1886

Etymology: Box-shaped butte north of the county seat

     Named after a box-shaped butte north of Alliance, Box Butte County is renown for its agricultural and livestock production. The territory was originally part of Dawes County until 1886, when the southern half of Dawes County split off and became what is now Box Butte County. The county seat shifted multiple times in the county’s early years. Originally, Nonpareil (meaning, “unmatched” or “unrivaled”) was the county seat, but Hemingford won a special election for the county seat only a couple of years later. However, due to suspicions about fraudulent activity, the election was contested in multiple lawsuits before the Nebraska Supreme Court ruled in 1899 that Alliance had won the county seat.

     However, Alliance was initially named Grand Lake. According to local accounts, Burlington Railroad Superintendent George W. Holdrege recommended rechristening the town “Alliance” due to its unique moniker and the fact that its alphabetization would place it before many other Nebraska towns. County residents agreed and established a post office.

     The railroad and homestead laws were both integral to Box Butte’s development. Even today, Alliance serves as a critical junction for the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) railroad carrying coal out of Wyoming. As with most other Nebraska counties, agriculture is another county lifeblood. Tens of thousands of acres of land in Box Butte County are dedicated to growing wheat, beans, sorghum, and sugar beets.

Coming soon!

License Plate Number: 65

Time Zone: Mountain

Zoned County: Yes

Number of Veterans: 747

Voter Turnout (2022): 46.56%

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Panhandle

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 9

County Hospital: Box Butte General Hospital

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)