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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Box Butte County

Communities & Development

Box Butte County Seat: Alliance

Total County Population (2020): 10,842

  • Cities (pop. & class): Alliance (8,151 • 1st Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Hemingford (784)
  • Unincorporated Pop. (% of county pop.): 1,904 (18%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 87%
    • By method: Pasture (pure grassland) (39%), Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (27%), Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (22%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By crop: Livestock (grassland) 48%, Corn 15%, Wheat 12%, Alfalfa 3%, Dry Beans 4%, Sunflowers 2%, Sugarbeets 2%, Millet 1%, Oats 1% • USDA (NLCD) - equals agriculture's % plus some fallow land (9%) and some wetlands (1%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 13%

County Offices

515 Box Butte Avenue
Alliance, Nebraska 69301
M-F 8:00 am - 4:00 pm

County Board Chairperson: Steve Burke

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 1st Wednesday & 3rd Monday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Panhandle

District President: Rich Flores, Kimball County Commissioner

District Vice President: Susanna Batterman, Morrill County Commissioner

District Secretary: Kelly Sides, Scotts Bluff County Clerk

District Treasurer: Beth Fiegenschuh, Cheyenne County Clerk

NACO Board Representatives: Steve Burke, Box Butte County Commissioner

Click for a live look at Box Butte County (east of Hemingford)


Population: 10,842
Land area (sq. mi.): 1,075.36
Population per square mile: 10.1

Race & Age


White: 80.1%
African American: 0.6%
American Indian: 2.7%
Asian: 0.7%
Hispanic: 11.5%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
Two or More Races: 4.3%


0-17: 25.2%
18-64: 54.2%
65+: 20.6%


Personal income per capita: $55,642
% of population in poverty: 9.5%
# of housing units: 5,234
Owner-occupied rate: 69.4%
Median home price: $152,600


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable model): 94.1%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library CommissionU.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 2.0% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 91.2%

School Districts: Alliance Public Schools, Bayard Public Schools, Bridgeport Public Schools, Hemingford Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 17.7%

Community College Service Area: Western Community College

County-wide early childhood care capacity: 16 providers; 266 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers by zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Box Butte County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $610,594,000

Cattle Producers: 146

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $15/acre/yr

Crop Producers: 170

  • Dryland Land Cash Rent (avg.): $37/acre/yr
  • Irrigated Land Cash Rent (avg.): $191/acre/yr

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: Farmer's Co-op, West Plains, WESTCO

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Box Butte County

Electricity Providers: City of Alliance, Chimney Rock PPD, Nebraska PPD, Northwest Rural PPD, PREMA, Village of Hemingford

Rail-served Communities: Alliance, Berea, Hemingford, Prairie

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 401

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 17

Click here for real time groundwater level data near Carhenge (3 mi. north of Alliance)

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsU.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuations

County levy rate: $0.3560 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $5,611,192

Total local government property taxes levied: $26,742,817

Total countywide taxable valuation: $1,576,055,593

Click here for all levy rates in Box Butte County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits listed in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits:

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Steve Erdman (District 47)

Standing Committees (click for scheduled committee hearings): 

Select Committees:

  • Rules (chairperson)
  • Committee on Committees

Map and statistics for Legislative District 47

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Box Butte County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 4

Year Authorized: 1886

Year Organized: 1886

Etymology: Box-shaped butte north of the county seat

     Named after a box-shaped butte north of Alliance, Box Butte County is renown for its agricultural and livestock production. The territory was originally part of Dawes County until 1886, when the southern half of Dawes County split off and became what is now Box Butte County. The county seat shifted multiple times in the county’s early years. Originally, Nonpareil (meaning, “unmatched” or “unrivaled”) was the county seat, but Hemingford won a special election for the county seat only a couple of years later. However, due to suspicions about fraudulent activity, the election was contested in multiple lawsuits before the Nebraska Supreme Court ruled in 1899 that Alliance had won the county seat.

     However, Alliance was initially named Grand Lake. According to local accounts, Burlington Railroad Superintendent George W. Holdrege recommended rechristening the town “Alliance” due to its unique moniker and the fact that its alphabetization would place it before many other Nebraska towns. County residents agreed and established a post office.

     The railroad and homestead laws were both integral to Box Butte’s development. Even today, Alliance serves as a critical junction for the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) railroad carrying coal out of Wyoming. As with most other Nebraska counties, agriculture is another county lifeblood. Tens of thousands of acres of land in Box Butte County are dedicated to growing wheat, beans, sorghum, and sugar beets.

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Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 65

Time Zone: Mountain

Number of Veterans: 747

Zoned County: Yes

County Hospital: Box Butte General Hospital

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 9

Election Data

General Election Turnout % (2022): 46.56%

Total Registered Voters (2020): 7,780

Number of Precincts (2020): 9

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): 3

Land Area per Polling Place (2020): 358.45 sq. miles

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Panhandle

Natural Resource Districts: Upper Niobrara-White NRD

State Lands (acres): Beaver Bend WMA (26.99)


Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)