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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Nemaha County

Communities and Development

Nemaha County Seat: Auburn

Total County Population (2020): 7,074

  • Cities (pop. & class): Auburn (3,470 • 2nd Class), Peru (648 • 2nd Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Brock (123), Brownville (139), Johnson (309), Julian (46), Nemaha (114)
  • Unincorporated Pop. (% of county pop.): 2,225 (31%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 78%
    • By method: Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (66%); Pasture (pure grassland) (8%); Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (5%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By commodity: Soybeans 38%, Corn 33%, Livestock (grassland) 10%, Other Hay 1%, Alfalfa 0.5% • USDA - equals agriculture's % plus some wetlands (2%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 14%
  • Timber: 8%

County Offices

Courthouse Address and Hours:

1824 N Street
Auburn, Nebraska 68305
M-F 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

County Board Chairperson: Michael Weiss

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: Every other Wednesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Southeast

President: Misty Ahmic, Seward County Commissioner

Vice President: Patty McEvoy, Saunders County Clerk of the District Court

Secretary/Treasurer: Amber Mulberry, Saline County Clerk of the District Court

NACO Board Representative: Mark Schoenrock, Jefferson County Commissioner

Click for a live look at Nemaha County (south of Julian)


Population: 7,064
Land area (sq. mi.): 407.38
Population per square mile: 17.4

Race and Age


White: 92.4%
African American: 0.8%
American Indian: 0.4%
Asian: 0.4%
Hispanic: 2.9%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
Two or More Races: 2.8%


0-17: 22.8%
18-64: 57.0%
65+: 20.2%


Personal income per capita: $56,823
% of Population in Poverty: 11.8%
# of Housing Units: 3,312
Owner-occupied rate: 72.1%
Median home price: $114,810


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable modem): 64.3%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library Commission, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 2.1% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 91.1%

School Districts: Auburn Public Schools, Falls City Public Schools, Humboldt Table Rock Steinauer, Johnson-Brock Public Schools, Johnson County Central Public Schools, Nebraska City Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 28.0%

Community College Service Area: Southeast Community College

Countywide child care capacity: 13 providers; 285 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Nemaha County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $728,791,000

Cattle Producers: 101

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $40/acre

Crop Producers: 43

  • Dryland Cash Rent (avg.): $144/acre
  • Irrigated Land Cash Rent (avg.): $290/acre

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: Farmers Union Coop, Frontier

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Nemaha County

Farmers Market:

  • Auburn Street Market (May - September, Thursdays 4:30 - 7:30 p.m.)
  • Nemaha County Farmers Market (Auburn) (June - October, Saturdays 7:30 - 11:00 a.m.)

Electricity Providers: Auburn Board of Public Works, City of Nebraska City, Nebraska PPD, Omaha PPD

Rail-served Communities: Auburn, Howe, Julian

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 176

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 103

Click for real time:

Streamflow data on the Little Nemaha River at Auburn

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.3351 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $4,048,308

Total local government property taxes levied: $18,227,603

Total countywide taxable valuation: $1,208,226,989

Federal PILT payment to Holt County (FY2022): $10,110 regarding 3,441 federally-owned acres

Click here for all levy rates in Nemaha County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to levy limits under Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Julie Slama (District 1)

Standing Committees (click for scheduled committee hearings): 

Select Committees:

  • Reference

Special Committees: 

  • Executive Board of the Legislative Council

Map and statistics for Legislative District 1

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Nemaha County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 13

Year Authorized: 1855

Year Organized: 1855

Etymology: Nemaha Native American tribe

Another of Nebraska's counties that derives its name from Indian lore is Nemaha County. Years before the first white settlers, the Otoe Indians inhabited this area along the Missouri River. A stream which crossed the land and emptied into the Missouri was referred to by the Otoes as the miry water river. The Otoe name was Nimaha, ni meaning water and maha meaning miry. That name evolved into Nemaha.

Nemaha County was originally called Forney County, one of the eight original counties to make up the Nebraska Territory. Forney County's boundaries were defined in October 1854. The following year, in the first session of the Territorial Legislature, the county was reorganized and its name changed to Nemaha.

In 1854, Richard W. Brown became one of the first pioneers in the area. Brown crossed the Missouri River in a canoe and laid out a cabin claim along the west bank. Within two years the town of Brownville was surveyed and platted. Brown's original log cabin would serve as the county's courthouse until 1867.

There is an interesting history behind the present county seat of Auburn. Originally there were two settlements here -- Sheridan to the north and Calvert to the south. Sheridan was surveyed in October 1868 and named in honor of Civil War Gen. Phil S. Sheridan. Calvert was platted in July 1881 and named for Thomas E. Calvert, an official with the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad. The two rival towns agreed to unite and form one town in 1882. New York native Charles Nixon, who had an interest in the land through which the railroad ran, suggested the unified town be known as Auburn, after Auburn, N.Y.

According to historical accounts, a frame courthouse was built in the middle of the two former towns. For many years this united town would be referred to as North Auburn and South Auburn.

The original frame courthouse would soon be replaced when in 1900 the cornerstone was laid for the present courthouse.

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Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 44

Time Zone: Central

Number of Veterans: 566

Zoned County: No

County Hospital: Nemaha County Hospital

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 139

Number of County-Owned Dams: 1

Election Data

General Election Turnout (2022): 54.17%

Total Registered Voters (2020): 4,386

Number of Precincts (2020): 9

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): 8

Land Area per Polling Place (avg.) (2020): 50.92 sq. miles

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Southeast

Natural Resource Districts: Nemaha NRD

State Lands (acres): Aspinwall Bend WMA (160.97), Indian Cave State Park (3,399.70 Nemaha & Richardson), Peru Bottoms WMA (854.04), Peru State College (104)

Federal Lands (acres): Brownville Bend (469), Kansas Bend (1,175), Langdon Bend (1,781), Peru Boat Ramp (4), Sonora Bend (189)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)