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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Sheridan County

Communities and Development

Sheridan County Seat (pop.): Rushville (816)

Total County Population (2020): 5,127

  • Cities (pop. & class): Gordon (1,504 • 2nd Class), Hay Springs (599 • 2nd Class), Rushville (816 • 2nd Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Clinton (38), Ellsworth (32), Whiteclay (10)
  • Unincorporated Pop. (% of county pop.): 2,769 (54%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 94%
    • By method: Pasture (pure grassland) (81%); Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (9%); Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (4%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By commodity: Livestock (grassland) 77%, Alfalfa 3%, Corn 3%, Wheat 2%, Sunflower Seed 1%, Millet 1% • USDA - equals agriculture's % plus some wetlands (4%) and some fallow land (1%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 6%

County Offices

Courthouse Address and Hours:

500 West 4th Street
Hastings, Nebraska 68901
M-F 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

County Board Chairperson: James Krotz

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: Tuesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Panhandle

District President: Rich Flores, Kimball County Commissioner

District Vice President: Susanna Batterman, Morrill County Commissioner

District Secretary: Kelly Sides, Scotts Bluff County Clerk

District Treasurer: Beth Fiegenschuh, Cheyenne County Clerk

NACO Board Representatives: Steve Burke, Box Butte County Commissioner

Click for a live look at Sheridan County (west of Rushville)


Population: 5,127
Land area (sq. mi.): 2,440.89
Population per square mile: 2.1



White: 79.9%
African American: 0.3%
American Indian: 10.2%
Asian: 0.6%
Hispanic: 4.3%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.0%
Two or More Races: 4.5%


0-17: 22.0%
18-64: 51.6%
65+: 26.4%


Personal income per capita: $60,271
% of Population in Poverty: 13.8%
# of Housing Units: 2,699
Owner-occupied rate: 71.0%
Median home price: $92,370


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable modem): 25.7%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library Commission, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 1.7% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 89.1%

School Districts: Alliance Public Schools, Chadron Public Schools, Hay Springs Public Schools, Hemingford Public Schools, Hyannis Area Schools, Gordon-Rushville Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 20.4%

Community College Service Area: Western Community College

Countywide child care capacity: 9 providers; 131 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Sheridan County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $316,974,000

Cattle Producers: 280

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $16/acre

Crop Producers: 165

  • Dryland Cash Rent (avg.): $33/acre
  • Irrigated Land Cash Rent (avg.): $180/acre

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: Farmer's Co-op, WESTCO

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Sheridan County

Farmers Markets:

  • Gordon Farmers Market - Main Street (June - October 10, Saturdays 7:30 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.; Sat)
  • Gordon Farmers Market - Pizza Hut (June - October, Monday - Friday 9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.)

Electricity Providers: Nebraska PPD, Northwest Rural PPD, PREMA

Rail-served Communities: Antioch, Bingham, Ellsworth, Lakeside

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 1,825

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 94

Click for real time:

Groundwater level data near 390th Ln. & county's southern border (49 mi. south of Rushville)

Groundwater level data near 269th Trl. & county's western border (28.5 mi. south of Hay Springs)

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.3660 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $4,264,771

Total local government property taxes levied: $17,224,201

Total countywide taxable valuation: $1,165,228,561

Federal PILT payment to Sheridan County (FY2022): $385 regarding 131 federally-owned acres

Click here for all levy rates in Sheridan County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits listed in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Tom Brewer (District 43)

Standing Committees (click for scheduled committee hearings):

Special Committees:

  • State-Tribal Relations

Map and statistics for Legislative District 43

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Sheridan County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 10

Year Authorized: 1885

Year Organized: 1885

Etymology: Philip Sheridan (U.S. army general)

     Sheridan County was originally part of a larger block of unorganized land known as Sioux Territory. The county was officially formed in 1885 and named for General Philip Sheridan, known for his “scorched earth” tactics during the Civil War and brutal campaigns against the Native American tribes during the Indian Wars.

     In 1881, the first white settlement was established northwest of present-day Rushville. Four years later, then-Governor James Dawes issued a proclamation that established Sioux, Dawes, and Sheridan County; the proclamation established Rushville as the county seat. In its earliest days, the county was fairly removed from civilization, even by standards of the day. The railroad ended at Valentine, meaning that prospective homesteaders continued their journey west in covered wagons. Early residents of Sheridan County built dugouts and sod houses or simply lived in tents.

     Establishing Sheridan County’s seat proved no easy matter. Originally, Clinton, Hay Springs, Gordon, and Rushville vied for the honor of county seat. Rushville and Hay Springs became the finalists, and after an election in 1885, Hay Springs was declared the victor. Outraged at what they perceived as a fraudulent election, Rushville proponents appealed the decision through a series of lengthy legal challenges. Nearly one year later, the Nebraska Supreme Court ordered the county’s canvassing board to reconvene. Following a re-canvassing of the vote, the board declared Rushville the winner.

     Sheridan County is home to numerous places listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including Camp Sheridan (the Post at Spotted Tail Indian Agency), Gourley’s Opera House, and the Loosveldt Bridge.

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Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 61

Time Zone: Mountain

Number of Veterans: 439

Zoned County: Yes

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 24

Election Data

General Election Turnout (2022): 53.66%

Total Registered Voters (2020): 3,740

Number of Precincts (2020): 8

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): 5

Land Area per Polling Place (avg.) (2020): 488.18 sq. miles

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: Panhandle

Natural Resource District: Upper Niobrara-White NRD

State Lands (acres): Metcalf WMA (3,317), Walgren Lake SRA (130), Smith Lake WMA (640.92)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)