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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Sherman County

Communities and Development

Sherman County Seat (pop.): Loup City

Total County Population (2020): 2,959

  • Cities (pop. & class): Loup City (1,053 • 2nd Class)
  • Villages (pop.): Ashton (198), Hazard (57), Litchfield (220), Rockville (89)
  • Unincorporated Pop. (% of county pop.): 1,342 (45%)

Land Development (2022) (% of total land in county):

  • Agriculture: 92%
    • By method: Pasture (pure grassland) (55%); Irrigated (row crop/grain/forage) (25%); Dryland (row crop/grain/forage) (12%) • Neb. Dept. of Rev. - total equals agriculture's %
    • By commodity: Livestock (grassland) 56%, Corn 22%, Soybeans 10%, Alfalfa 4% • USDA - equals agriculture's % plus some wetlands (2%) and minus public grassland/wetlands and reserve
  • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Conservation Reserve & Exempt (combined): 8%

County Offices

Courthouse Address and Hours:

630 O Street
Loup City, Nebraska 68853
M-F 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Board Chairperson: Kenneth Kaslon

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 2nd Wednesday & 4th Tuesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Central

District President: Carrie Miller, Nuckolls County Clerk, Register of Deeds, Election Commissioner

District Vice President: Kali Bolli, Garfield County Assessor 

District Secretary/Treasurer: Cara Snider Wheeler County Clerk

NACO Board Representatives: Bill Maendele, Buffalo County Commissioner


Population: 2,959
Land area (sq. mi.): 565.85
Population per square mile: 5.2

Race and Age


White: 93.7%
African American: 0.0%
American Indian: 0.5%
Asian: 0.2%
Hispanic: 2.8%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Two or More Races: 2.7%


0-17: 21.4%
18-64: 51.6%
65+: 27.1%


Personal income per capita: $60,225
% of Population in Poverty: 11.4%
# of Housing Units: 1,789
Owner-occupied rate: 77.1%
Median home price: $107,480


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable modem): 60.2%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library Commission, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 1.7% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 92.6%

School Districts: Arcadia Public Schools, Central Valley Public Schools, Centura Public Schools, Litchfield Public Schools, Loup City Public Schools, Pleasanton Public Schools, Ravenna Public Schools

Bachelor's degree or higher: 21.6%

Community College Service Area: Central Community College

Countywide child care capacity: 3 providers; 34 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Sherman County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $117,668,000

Cattle Producers: 216

  • Pastureland Cash Rent (avg.): $45/acre

Crop Producers: 179

  • Dryland Cash Rent (avg.): $127/acre

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Sherman County

Farmers Markets:

  • Sherman County Farmers Market (Loup City) (June - October, Saturdays 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.)
  • Tropper's Garden Shoppe & Leaning Center (Litchfield) (May - November, Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m., Saturdays 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Sundays 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.)

Electricity Providers: Custer PPD, Dawson PPD, Loup Valleys Rural PPD, Nebraska PPD

Rail-served Communities: Hazard, Litchfield

Well Locations (Irrigation/Livestock), Soils, Groundwater & Surface Water

Total Irrigation/Livestock Wells: 946

Surface Water Diversions (Irrigation): 64

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA), Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.2841 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $2,790,163

Total local government property taxes levied: $13,061,278

Total countywide taxable valuation: $982,232,306

Click here for all levy rates in Sherman County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits listed in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Statutes and regulations

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Tom Briese (District 41)

Standing Committees (click for scheduled committee hearings): 

Special Committees: 

  • Executive Board of the Legislative Council (chairperson)
  • Reference (chairperson)
  • Legislative Performance Audit
  • Legislature's Planning

Map and statistics for Legislative District 41

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Sherman County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 5

Year Authorized: 1870

Year Organized: 1872

Etymology: William Sherman (U.S. army general)

The origins of Sherman County are said to have begun with a group of men who lived in Grand Island in the early 1870s. These men organized a settlement plan for the Middle Loup River Valley and secured the necessary authority from Gov. Robert Furnas and the Legislature to proceed in early 1873. When the county was formally organized it was named after Civil War hero Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, who once commanded cavalry troops in Nebraska.

In the county's first official election, held on April 1, 1873, a mere 13 votes were cast. Elected to office were three commissioners, a clerk, judge, treasurer, sheriff, surveyor, coroner and superintendent of public instruction. By the following year the county had its first courthouse, built at a cost of $5,000. But on the same day commissioners accepted a bid to furnish the building, it was destroyed by fire. It would be four years before the structure to be replaced.

The Loup River, which cuts across the county diagonally, was responsible for attracting many of the area's first settlers. The fertile valley soil and the plentiful supply of water made the area a prime location for early farmers. Irrigation further enhanced the county's farm economy when it made its first appearance in 1895. This early irrigation system consisted of a ditch being dug between Arcadia and Loup City and water being diverted from the Loup River.

Irrigation would once again become an important part of the county's history in 1932 when the Middle Loup Power and Irrigation Company was created and in 1959 when work began on the Sherman Dam and Reservoir.

The courthouse that was built in Loup City in 1878 would be outgrown by the county as the 1900s began. Efforts would begin to replace the existing building with a courthouse that could accommodate all county offices and the expanding volume of records. Construction began in 1920 on what is the present courthouse. The tan brick building with terra cotta trim was formally dedicated on Oct. 8, 1921.


In March of 2022, Sherman County Economic Director Melissa Dush approached the Sherman County Commissioners with an innovative idea about how to use the county’s ARPA money. Dush suggested that the county purchase the building east of the courthouse and transform it into a childcare development center. Like many communities in Nebraska, Sherman County has experienced critical childcare shortages. In fact, after conducting a local survey about childcare needs, Sherman County learned that there were approximately 70 children in need of childcare in the area.

The Sherman County Commissioners voted to purchase the building. The county then donated the building to Sherman County Economic Development (SCED), who began creating a Board of Directors to oversee the childcare center, named Sherman County Sprouts, Inc. As a result of Director Dush’s recruitment and coordinating efforts, the newly created Board of Directors boasts a diverse array of experience and expertise, including business owners, early childhood development professionals, school administrators, financial experts, as well as the county’s deputy clerk.

The project’s original estimated cost was $1.2 million, including two years of sustainability. Fast forward to today, and Sprouts is closing in on 90% of their goal and have even started the renovations! This rapid progress was made possible by not only the building donation and grants, but also through many fundraisers and generous donors. The childcare center is on pace to open in June of 2024. Sherman County Sprouts’ motto is “The Future Grows Here," and we can’t wait to see this project bloom!

Local Highlights

License Plate Number: 56

Time Zone: Central

Zoned County: Yes

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 80

Number of County-Owned Dams: 1

Number of Veterans: 216

Election Data

General Election Turnout (2022): 62.18%

Total Registered Voters (2020): 2,078

Number of Precincts (2020): 6

Number of Election Day Polling Places (2020): 4

Land Area per Polling Place (avg.) (2020): 141.46 sq. miles

Intergovernmental Data

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: North Central/Sandhills

Natural Resource District: Lower Loup NRD

State Lands (acres): Sherman Reservoir WMA (3,180)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)