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Nebraska Counties Explorer

Adams County

Adams County Seat (pop.): Hastings (25,154)

Cities, Towns, and Villages (pop.): Ayr (83), Holstein (191), Juniata (748), Kenesaw (919), Prosser (76), Roseland (263), Trumbull (198)

Courthouse Address and Hours:

500 West 4th Street
Hastings, Nebraska 68901
M-F 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

County Board Chairperson: Lee Hogan

Complete list of county board members

County Board Meetings: 1st & 3rd Tuesday

View the County's Government Maps

Visit the County Fairgrounds

NACO District: Central

District President: Carrie Miller, Nuckolls County Clerk, Register of Deeds, Election Commissioner

District Vice President: Kali Bolli, Garfield County Assessor 

District Secretary/Treasurer: Cara Snider Wheeler County Clerk

NACO Board Representatives: Jim Pavelka, Clay County Supervisor


Population: 31,027
Land area (sq. mi.): 563.27
Population per square mile: 55.4


White: 84.1%
African American: 1.4%
American Indian: 1.5%
Asian: 1.4%
Hispanic: 11.8%
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%


0-17: 23.5%
18-64: 57.7%
65+: 18.8%


Personal income per capita: $58,072
% of Population in Poverty: 10.2%
# of Housing Units: 13,882
Owner-occupied rate: 68.1%
Median home price: $162,640


Access to broadband (100 Mbps via fiber or cable modem): 94.0%

Sources: National Association of RealtorsNebraska Library Commission, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Census Bureau

Adams County Township and Municipal Populations

Employment, Schools, and Child Care

Unemployment rate: 1.8% (as of September 2022)

County Employment Website:

High school graduate or higher: 90.9%

School Districts: Adams Central Public Schools, Blue Hill Public Schools, Doniphan-Trumbull Public Schools, Hastings Public Schools, Kenesaw Public Schools, Minden Public Schools, Shelton Public Schools, Silver Lake Public Schools, South Central Nebraska Unified 5

Bachelor's degree or higher: 25.6%

Higher Education within 75 miles of county seat: Hastings College, Central Community College-Hastings, Central Community College-Grand Island, University of Nebraska-Kearney, York University, Doane University

Countywide child care capacity: 40 providers; 1,548 children

Find child care: For a list of child care providers in your zip code, visit Nebraska DHHS or the Nebraska Resource and Referral System.

Adams County Economy

Annual Gross Domestic Product (2020): $1,880,558,000

Ag. Producers (Cattle): 144

Ag. Producers (Crop): 335

Grain Co-ops and Purchasers: AGP, Aurora Cooperative, CHS, CPI, Central Valley Ag, Fairfield Non-Stock Co-op, Farmers Coop, Gottsch Cattle Company, KAAPA Ethanol, Pillen Family Farms

Local Grain Market: Click for today's grain prices in Adams County

Electricity Providers: City of Hastings, Southern PPD

Rail-served Communities: Ayr, Gaines, Hastings, Hayland, Juniata, Kenesaw, Roseland

Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA)Nebraska Cooperative Council, Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary EducationNebraska Department of TransportationNebraska Office of the CIO, Nebraska Power Review Board, U.S. Bureau of Economic AnalysisU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

2022 Levies and Valuation

County levy rate: $0.4235 per $100 of taxable valuation

County property taxes levied: $17,902,854

Total local government property taxes levied: $75,270,636

Total countywide taxable valuation: $4,227,782,280

Click here for all levy rates in Adams County

County Levy and Taxation Laws

Levy limits:

Since 1996, counties and other political subdivisions have been subject to the levy limits under Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3442 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-3443.

Property tax laws and regulations:

Nebraska Revised Statutes (Chapter 77)

Nebraska Administrative Code (Title 350)

Local tax reductions, exemptions, and credits:

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-902(5)(a) (Deed "stamp tax" exemption): "The [stamp tax] shall not apply to: ... (5)(a) Deeds between spouses, between ex-spouses for the purpose of conveying any rights to property acquired or held during the marriage, or between parent and child, without actual consideration therefor."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-201(2) (Reduced valuation of agricultural land and horticultural land): "Agricultural land and horticultural land as defined in section 77-1359 shall constitute a separate and distinct class of property for purposes of property taxation, shall be subject to taxation, unless expressly exempt from taxation, and shall be valued at seventy-five percent of its actual value, except that for school district taxes levied to pay the principal and interest on bonds that are approved by a vote of the people on or after January 1, 2022, such land shall be valued at fifty percent of its actual value."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-2004 ($100,000 exemption per listed inheritance recipient): "In the case of a father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, brother, sister, son, daughter, child or children legally adopted as such in conformity with the laws of the state where adopted, any lineal descendant, any lineal descendant legally adopted as such in conformity with the laws of the state where adopted, any person to whom the deceased for not less than ten years prior to death stood in the acknowledged relation of a parent, or the spouse or surviving spouse of any such persons, the rate of tax shall be: ... (b) For decedents dying on or after January 1, 2023, one percent of the clear market value of the property received by each person in excess of one hundred thousand dollars."

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 77-6703(1) (Tax credit for school district taxes paid): "(1) For taxable years beginning or deemed to begin on or after January 1, 2020, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, there shall be allowed to each eligible taxpayer a refundable credit against the income tax imposed by the Nebraska Revenue Act of 1967 or against the franchise tax imposed by sections 77-3801 to 77-3807. The credit shall be equal to the credit percentage for the taxable year, as set by the department under subsection (2) of this section, multiplied by the amount of school district taxes paid by the eligible taxpayer during such taxable year."

Sources: Nebraska Department of Revenue

State Senator: Steve Halloran (District 33)
Committees: Agriculture, Business and Labor, Government, Military and Veterans Affairs

Map and statistics for Legislative District 33

Map of all districts in the Nebraska Unicameral Legislature

Adams County History

Number of Registered Historic Places: 21

Year Authorized: 1867

Year Organized: 1871

Etymology: John Adams (2nd U.S. president)

     Officially established on February 16, 1867, Adams County was named in honor of John Adams, the second president of the United States. Originally, Juniata was designated as the county seat. However, a rival settlement called Hastings began rapidly growing as a result of its burgeoning railroad infrastructure. A decade-long fight for the county seat quickly unfolded.

     Juniata initially prevailed in the first county election in 1871. In response, Hastings residents held a meeting in 1873 where a special committee developed plans to locate the county seat in their community. Unwilling to surrender the county seat without a fight, Juniata residents adopted a resolution to build a courthouse in the community in 1874. The Adams County board began securing bids for the project’s construction.

     However, the Adams County clerk at the time declined to provide the necessary paperwork to open the bids for the Juniata courthouse. After the County Board vacated his position for failing to fulfill his office, the clerk then refused to surrender the keys to the office. Additional complications arose in the form of a restraining order preventing construction at the planned courthouse site in Juniata. In 1877, Adams County residents voted again. This time, Hastings was chosen as the county seat. According to local history, Hastings residents retrieved the county records and transported them to Hastings under the cover of darkness to avoid provoking any further altercations. 

     In 1889, Adams County built its courthouse in Hastings. The building lasted until the present courthouse was dedicated in 1964.

     Today, Adams County is part of an area of Nebraska known as the Tri-Cities. The county hosts two institutions of higher education--Hastings College and Central Community College--and has several hotels and a convention center.

Click to view an 1885 map of Adams County communities, schools, churches, and roads

Explore Adams County's Settlers and Homesteaders

Government Land Office Patent

(Map of all Settled and Homesteaded Lands)

Images of Federal Land Patents to Settlers

(Use the Doc # handwritten in the Quarter-Section on

the Government Land Office Patent Map Above)

Images of Government Land Office Survey Plats

(Before Settlement and Homesteading)

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License Plate Number: 14

Time Zone: Central

Zoned County: Yes

Number of Veterans: 1,802

Voter Turnout (2022): 54.24%

Emergency Mgt. Planning, Exercise and Training (PET) Region: South Central

Number of County-Owned Bridges: 177

Number of County-Owned Dams: 1

State Lands (acres): Ayr Lake WMA (171.26)

Federal Lands (acres): Kenesaw WPA (231), Weseman WPA (163)

Sources: Nebraska Department of Transportation, Nebraska Emergency Management AgencyNebraska Game & Parks CommissionNebraska LegislatureNebraska Office of the CIONebraska Secretary of StateU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (eCFR)